“And every male among you who is eight days old shall be circumcised throughout your generations, a servant who is born in the house or who is bought with money from any foreigner, who is not of your descendants.” (Gen. 17:12)
“When a woman gives birth and bears a male child, then she shall be unclean for seven days, as in the days of her menstruation she shall be unclean. On the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.” (Lev. 12:2-3)
“When the days of her purification are completed, for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring to the priest at the doorway of the tent of meeting a one year old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering. Then he shall offer it before the LORD and make atonement for her, and she shall be cleansed from the flow of her blood. This is the law for her who bears a child, whether a male or a female. But if she cannot afford a lamb, then she shall take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, the one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for her, and she will be clean.” (Lev. 12:6-8)
“Sanctify to Me every firstborn, the first offspring of every womb among the sons of Israel, both of man and beast; it belongs to Me. . . . you shall devote to the LORD the first offspring of every womb . . . the males belong to the LORD.” (Ex. 13:2,12)
“For all the firstborn are Mine; on the day that I struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to Myself all the firstborn in Israel, from man to beast. They shall be mine; I am the LORD.” (Num. 3:13)
“For every firstborn among the sons of Israel is Mine, among the men and among the animals; on the day that I struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them for myself.” (Num. 8:17)
“But if his means are insufficient for two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then for his offering for that which he has sinned, he shall bring the tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall not put oil on it or place incense on it, for it is a sin offering.” (Lev. 5:11)
“But if she cannot afford a lamb, then she shall take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, the one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for her, and she will be clean.” (Lev. 12:8)
“The LORD has bared His holy arm in the sight of all the nations, that all the ends of the earth may see the salvation of our God.” (Isa. 52:10)
“The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; those who live in a dark land, the light will shine on them.” (Isa. 9:2)
“I am the LORD, I have called you in righteousness, I will also hold you by the hand and watch over you, and I will appoint you as a covenant to the people, as a light to the nations . . .” (Isa. 42:6)
“. . . I will also make you a light of the nations so that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.” (Isa. 49:6b)
“I will set my justice for a light of the peoples.” (Isa. 51:4b)
“Arise, shine; for your light has come, and the glory of the LORD has risen upon you. For behold, darkness will cover the earth and deep darkness the peoples; but the LORD will rise upon you and his glory will appear upon you. Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising.” (Isa. 60:1-3)
1. There is a repeated emphasis in this passage on Joseph and Mary’s consistent, precise obedience to the commands God had laid down for them in the Law (vs.21-24,27b,39)
2. Anna (vs.36-38) is the second woman to prophesy in Luke’s Gospel (cf. Elizabeth in 1:41-45). Earlier in Luke’s Gospel, a man (Zechariah in 1:67-79) and a woman (Elizabeth in 1:41-45) had prophesied. Now another man (Simeon in 2:25-35) and woman (Anna in 2:36-38) prophesy.
3. Thus far in Luke’s Gospel, all of the those who are directly credited with having spoken through the Spirit’s influence (Zechariah, Elizabeth, Simeon & Anna) are apparently elderly people (1:7; 2:29b,36).
4. Zechariah (1:68-79) had been particularly concerned with God’s blessing of Israel through the coming of the the Christ (1:13), but Simeon’s concern is for the blessing of the Gentiles as well as Israel (2:25,28-35), in that order (vs.32).
5. Twice Luke has recorded how Mary “treasured up” or “marveled” at what was said about and done toward Jesus by others (2:19,33).
6. The summary statement regarding the young Jesus (2:40) is very similar to the summary statement made earlier of John (1:80).
7. So far in Luke’s Gospel, apparently everyone who has encountered Jesus has blessed, praised or thanked God for him.